Wright, F. L. “Excerpts from: An American Architecture”, in: Smith, K. (ed.) Introducing Architectural Theory, New York and London: Routledge, 2012, pp. 184-188.
I read an article excerpts from ‘ An American Architecture’
First of all, I want to start writing about the author of this text. Frank Lloyd Wright ( June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959)
He was recognized in 1991 as ‘the greatest American architect of all time.’ While I was searching about him, I was really impressed. He designed more than 1000 structures and completed more than 500 constructions. He influenced architecture in the beginning of the 20th century and architecture could have a new appearance thanks to him. This is a huge job! He believed in designing structures which were in harmony with humanity and its environment, a philosophy he called ‘ Organic Architecture’. He adopted something that includes anti-classical and anti-european with this style. He tried to symbolize independence of the American culture. His best structure is ‘Fallingwater’ which was designed in 1935.
He could show his power in the field of architecture with his work that he designed Guggenheim
If I return this text, I want to say about the target audience first. I think it’s audience is definitely architects and architecture students.
The other important thing is subject and purpose of this text. ?! It is about purpose, use, continuity and functionalism. Also, the aim is showing a connection between form and function. Which one comes first?! As Wright mentioned ‘forms fallow functions’.
The most interesting thing is about Wright’s philosophy which is Organic Architecture. The Guggenheim Museum is one of the best examples. It has the best design as funcional.
Look! There is a great form and design in this museum but the main and ‘’ important’’ thing is that it is so useful.. People can do something and reach somewhere easily and steadyingly thanks to these spiral structures.
‘Unity Temple’ is also an interesting project. As Wright mentioned, Unity Temple hasn’t actual walls as walls. The main objective is bringing the room through in that Project. There is a great design in it. The big room in this temple lets sunlight fall and creat a shadow. So this shadow is deemed ‘religious’
There is an another important example ‘Hanna House’; It has more fertility and flexibility where human movement is concerned than the square.