The analysis of a construction site: Anatolian Organized Industrial Zone; Administrative building

Hey everybody!

Today, I want to mention about a construction trip and my observations. Two weeks ago, our professor Onur Yüncü who is the lecturer of Arch 241 course took us to a construction yard. This construction is located in Anatolian Organized Industrial Zone in Ankara. It consists of complex buildings. We observed it’s administrative building. It’s architects are Onur Yüncü and Ayşen Savaş. They are really successful architects and they have worked for METU for many years. They have many awarded projects. Onur Yüncü is working for TEDU now. He is one of our professors in college. This project was designed in a year and it has built for one and half years. Let’s talk about this building.

This building was designed for management, actually it’s kind of a main building of that zone. It’s a really observable structure to understand constructional system of a building because the structural processes and other stuff are transparent and obvious. This building is located in a very natural area. It has gren environment. Also there is small lake. That’s why, the users wanted architects to design a nature compatible structure rather than the other high and common official buildings. Actually, the users wanted a single-floor building which looks like a ranch house. But, architects realised that they need one more floor up in a part. This building consists of three parts. Actually they have just one single floor except one part. It has three floor. One of them is underground floor. Also, it has one more floor up because there is an administration part and there are some chairmans’ offices . That’s why they need to be in higher part of that building. In the first floor, there are many offices, convention halls and some meeting and entrance parts. These parts create a U shape. Then, there is a courtyard between them. The another part next to the others has dining hall, kitchen and also there are some important rooms which have the systems of electricity, heating, water and other stuff. Here, there are some images of this project.

Untitled

cgf

These images are from http://www.onuryuncu.com/files/OY-M_Tanitim_2014-02_web.pdf

When we talk about the appearance of the whole building, it looks modern and more natural. It hasn’t many glass surfaces. It has some wooden elements, so it creates a natural and warm view. It looks like a house. The whole building is sitting on the stone floor. On that, there are reinforced concrete columns and then wooden roof. The whole structure is displayed as visual. Processes aren’t hidden. Besides,the huge horizontal facades were balanced by using some vertical wooden surfaces. These stone and wooden elements are harmonizing with the environment. There are many basic rectangular elements which consist of glass, wooden and other surfaces. So, there is always a continuity on the facade.

Inside of the building, we could observe the structural system easily. This building has two different structural system. One of them is scissoring in the main part and the other one is classical post structure, also it has just a concrete ceiling. From the protocol to ther other part, this system is changing. And this transition is visible, one is beamed flooring (with wooden) and the other one has no beam. Concrete combines with the scissoring. It also show the transiton between single floor and two-floor structure (except underground floor) There are also hinges between two different parts which are sitting on the different places (topographical). The hinges which are between two different parts are called dilatation like separating (called ‘dilatasyon’ in Turkish) It consists of foam. The wooden beams carry the roof and also there are some another beams which support the main beams (bearer). They are  called ‘aşık’ in Turkish. They generally passes frequently and they are not strong and thick like the main beams. On the wooden ceiling there are some kind of heat insulation and roof tile. Besides, the carrying system built and designed that building, and some walls end somewhere according to the this system. So, all spaces were controlled and designed with this system. Moreover, this structural system repeats and then it creates a rhythm inside. By the way, inside of the building wooden element also was used for some coatings and benches. Some electricity cable and kind of these stuff were hided with the wooden covering. And some walls were built with red bricks. So all of them create a warm space inside too.

Beams

Dilatation, separation between two different part

20141217_131156

The thickness of the columns are generally 35 cm. And they located in horizontal direction with some gaps 5 or  7 metres. And this process repeats after every 4 metres in other direction. When the height of the building increases, the thicknesses of the columns also increase. Also, the lowest one is 2.5 metres and the highest one is 3.5 metres. These tall columns are near to the entrances from parking area and courtyard. They, create the monumental appearance in the entrance.

Besides, when every surfaces end, there is always a gap (hinge) between the other surfaces.  For example,when a column end in the roof there is a gap between them. It is the same with the ground. Also, hinges show the differentation of materials and surfaces.

Glass surfaces in this building make the spaces wide and sunlit. It can easily use the day light. Also, people can experience the natural environment when they are in this building. In the corridor between the dinning room and other parts there are some windows which were located in different elevations on the wall. So, all of them create different experiences. Besides, dining room was located in a very far from the protocol part because of the food smell and also, it was surrounded with glass surfaces. So, this situation doesn’t make this space closed and it looks light-well.  By the way, in some rooms there are some inside windows. They  provides privacy and create a connection between the other spaces in the building. For instance, during a meeting people can close this window with sliding wooden surfaces or they can observe the other when it is open.  The offices in the second floor have also huge glass surfaces. These rooms have small resting rooms and bathrooms. In front of these offices there is terrace which looks to the small lake. So it creates a very well view. By the way, in front of the assembly room there is huge space. So, they provides a resting and waiting opportunity.

Besides, there is an also extension from the first floor of the protocol parts. It’s direction is also to the lake. There is a connection between this balcony and outside with staircases.

The courtyard between the U shape will be a warm space with wooden. The iron elements will be covered with wooden and then water can flow between the wooden element then it will flow from the concrete floor to the land. By the way, in the entrance of the protocol part there is a well designed and modern staircases. It’s a really dynamic element, and this part is trying to a make a sense for the entrance. This is really important.

By the way, the main entrance with a hall opens to the parking area. So, people can easily pass to it. When we look at the whole building, it is obvious that it remains it’s naturalness and coherence with the environment.

Advertisements

Exhibition: Sivil Mimari Bellek Ankara

Hi everybody;

Today I’ll mention about my observations which talk about an useful exhibition in Ankara. It’s a great work. It’s name is ‘Sivil Mimari Bellek’ and it was exhibited in Çağdaş Sanatlar Merkezi . People from Başkent University with the supports of TÜBİTAK and VEKAM have done researches  for 3 years for that. These studies are about civil architecture in Ankara. The years between 1930 and 1980 were considered. This period is extremely important because, the structures have featured significances. Project team worked on 120 buildings which represent many different architectural aspects and development of modernization in Ankara. Actually, it also show how architecture get change and it’s evolving in history. The objective of this study is that remarking on residential buildings, making their architects known and then revealing the cultural qualities and their contributions to inheritance in architectural sense. There were many photos, technical drawings and texts about these buildings on the sheets,some models. Classification in terms of periods was considered on it. With these works, the values of these constructions can be permanent and thus, the memory of civil arcitecture can be protected.

Now I’ll talk about my observations considering the stages separately. Let’s start with 1930s. This stage is a part of early republican period. It is  really important,  because it is a transiton time from the Ottoman to Republic Period of Turkiye. So, this stage has first modern and contemporary attempts in architecture. First, the structures have simple facades. There aren’t any ornaments on them. They are basic and unique buildings of modern period. When we look at the first half of 1930s, it is clear that this period is a really passing phase, because it has still the qualities of Ottomon architecture. It’s like a synthesis of these two different periods (Ottomon and Republic) They have some circular forms on their facades and inside. But also,they have other basic geometric forms. Firstly, the structures consisted of  many different masses which have various dimensions and forms.

But then, they turn into one single mass especially in the second half of 1930s. In this era, buildings were multistorey rather than the earliest period of 1930s. They are taller and wider, that’s why they  have a lot of flats, so they are generally for collective living like hostels. They are more all-purpose and functioning. They have long horizontal and vertical surfaces, so it creats linearity.

In 1940s early republic time still remains their effects in architecture. The buildings aren’t large and they are the examples of family-based. And they have some unique and unusual examples like Cemal Poyrazoğlu Apartment. They have again basic facade elements, but there is a development concerning design. By the way, from this period cooperative apartments had been started to built. The buildings of 1940s and the earliest period of 1952 look very similar. They have small forms and they are single or two- floor structures. They have a relationship with nature and their environment. They are more sincere, because they have gardens and they were built considering the topography like Mebusevleri and Kavacık Ucuz Subayevleri. They are more in touch with nature and they have rich and social living space and interaction.

Also, in 1940s and 1951 these buildings have some elements like columns in the entrances and garden of them. They bring very old styles like Rome to mind. This style is like an examples of neoclassicism.

There is an also very similar example which refers to neoclassical style. This structure is one of my favorites. . It’s name is Saadet Apartment. There are some columns with the huge balconies in the front facades. They creates a strong impact to the environment.

By the way, 1951 there are two different apartment which are different from the other in their  time. They were again designed with simple forms but, they have some some trade functions. Their frontal layouts consist of very linear elements.

After the earliest period of 1950s, the structures started to have very similar forms and appearances. Modernization and contemporary architecture exactly started to seem in this period. Famous foreign architectural styles started to affect Turkish architecture.  And the architects of this era in Turkey started to refer this styles. There are many examples of that in Ankara.  For instance,  Cinnah 19 is an example of them.  It has many similarities with Le Corbusier’s Unite d’Habitation. By the way, I have an article about Cinnah 19. This is the link of it. In this article this influence and the architectural  qualities of that period was clearly explained.

First photo is Cinnah 19 and the other one is Unite d’Habitation.

The structures of that period mostly consist of a single mass. And they have really basic geometrical forms. Also, generally they consist of horizontal and vertical elements. And then, on their facades there are some elements concerning different designs. The architects started to use light conditions on the surfaces like İsrailevleri, Sönmez Apartment and Cinnah 19 etc.

The huge and linear structures from 1950s continued to seem in 1960s too. In this period, architectural design was developed more especially on the facades of the buildings. Most of these buildings have a strong and horizontal effect. With the similar basic forms continuity was tried to remain on the facades. In some examples, the architects tried to break the uniformity and monotone surfaces in their buildings. They used different and organic elements, forms and materials. So, it created moving and dynamic facades. Also, some elements like balconies were located in different and obfuscatory places. That’s why, they created dynamism. By the way, some vertical elements were used in order to make a balance with the huge horizontal elements like balconies and windows. Therefore, in some buildings different semi-transparent elements started to be common. So, day light could be used in the buildings. They creates different light and shadow conditions. Especially, after Cinnah 19 many structures like that were started to built.By the way, in this period, some effects of rationalism style started to seem.

Some moving and flexible structures were continued to built in the late 1960s like Özkanlar Evi (Gemi Ev).

In 1970s the buildings have similar quailities like in 1960s. But, there is a really different structure in that period which is Teras Ev. This building were formed with the topography. It used the environment and spaces in a very well way. Also it has the quality of functionality with the terraces. It has a unique value in it’s period.

And then here, there some photos of the models from this exhibition;

Reference:

The buildings’ photos are from http://sivilmimaribellekankara.com/

A Turkish Illustrator: Selcuk Demirel Exhibition

Hi everybody!!

Today, I visited three exhibitions which are very well and sophisticated separately.

First of all, I want to talk about an amazing drawer who is Selçuk Demirel. He is a worldwide known person. He is actually Turkish, but he has worked in France for many years. He had education in Ankara. Firstly, he started to study architecture in METU in Ankara. After that, he didn’t finish his education there, then he moved to France. In Ankara, he drew in many magazines and newspapers. After he went to France, his works were published in  French, Sweden and Holland media organs. He has a lot of works included book illustrations, magazines, book cover designs, kid books, postcards and posters. He worked for Turkish broadcastings like Cumhuriyet, Milliyet, Yeni Yüzyıl, Kitap-lik P, French broadcastings included Le Monde, Le Monde Diplomatique, Le Nouvel Observateur and American publications which are The Washington Post, The New York Times, The Wall Street Jaurnal, The Boston Globe, Business Week and SellingPower.

His works includes some ridicule and he is a really mindful illustrator. He gives some meaningful social and politic messages in a roundabout way. By the way, really he stole my heart :))  Because I heard about that he is John Berger’s best friend. Berger mentioned about him as proud in some articles. He is one of my favorite authors. Especially, I really liked a book ‘ways of seeing” which talks about photography.

Let’s take a look some of Selçuk Demirel’s works from the exhibition;

Reference:

http://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sel%C3%A7uk_Demirel

http://www.eokulegitim.com/selcuk-demirel-kimdir/

An article about the chapter A History of Architecture : The Triumph of Christ

For this semester, I have a term assignment for History of Architecture course. It’s about writing an article. Actually, it is going to be like a thesis (but not)  that’s why it’s very important experience for me. It has to be more serious rather than the articles that I wrote before. So, I have to study and search more on my topic. We were expected to choose a chapter from the book which is ‘’ A History of Architecture’’  by Spiro Kostof.

First of all, I want to mention about this great architecture historian. Spiro Kostof was born in Istanbul but he is Greek origin. First, he studied in Robert College in Istanbul. Then, he graduated from Yale University. He was a professor at the University of California in Berkeley for many years. He really interested in architectural history. He emphasized urbanism, arcitecture and phsical and social context of that kind of works. He is an appreciated historian. His lectures was very famous and he was really capable as lecturer.’ A history of architecture’ is an amazing textbook. He wrote about Rome, Venice, Constantinople (Istanbul), Mexico, U.S, Egypt and then some others. Actually in the beginning, his profession was about early period of Christianity and Constantinople. And the chapter that I chose is about exactly these eras.

So, let’s talk about my chapter which is ‘’The Triumph of Christ’’. It contains 3 parts: The Turning Point: Third-Century Rome, Housing the Kingdom of Heaven and The Conversion of Constantine. I chose this chapter, because I have interested in both Roman and Constantinople Architecture. So, this chapter has these periods. While I was reading that, some topics were really interested to me.

This chapter starts with depressed times of Rome. In the last times of Rome emperors concerned about defensing their countries. Then architectural sturctures were about that. For example, some walls were built in that period. Also, five good emperors of Rome were mentioned in these parts. Hadrian (emperor from 117 to 138 AD) is one of them. Actually, the field of sculpture in Rome started to change with portraits of Hadrian. In the past, there wasn’t any emotion on the faces of emperors’ portraits. Very important thing was mentioned here.’’ Philosopher Plotinus claims that beauty resides not in the body but in the soul and in the soul’s yearning toward the universal soul of God. – ‘ Ugly is that which has no soul’ ‘’ I really liked that. Especially, Both Hadrian and his architectural things are emotional. For instance, Hadrian’s Villa at Tivoli has important values about his love: Antinous. By the way, traditions were seemed on the structures about Hadrian. That caught my attention much. Besides, in this chapter, it is mentioned how religion was reflected to the Roman architecture in this period. In last times of Rome, the country was falling. Then, many architectural structures started to lose their significance. Therefore, architectural and artistic attempts went towards to the East-Rome. After that first Christianity Architecture started to seem. There are some information about important public basilicas which were constructed with ordered arches,posts,columns and high walls and other structures like Hagia Sophia. Their structural processes and significance were talked about. By the way, in the constantinople times,  basilicas were  syntheses of east and west.

Finally, after I read the whole chapter, I decided to study on Hadrian and write about him. Because the examples about Emperor Hadrian that are given in this chapter were interested to me much as I mentioned before. Afterthat, I searched about him a little. Then I realized that there are many architectural things for him. Many temples, walls, gates, pavilions were built in many places. And I want to understand why he is really important emperor for Rome and it’s architecture. Why people constructed many things for him? Besides, I want to find out his architectural importance in the meaning of social, cultural and technical.

References:

Kostof, Spiro. A History of Architecture, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiro_Kostof

Mierigi by Fine Young Urbanists

Hey everybody,

Have you seen before that kind of this design ?! It’s an inspiring project! The designers of it  are Evelina Ozola and Toms Kokins. I met with them  in my summer school in Latvia. They were the directors of our summer school organisation. These people are really successful and cool people! They created a really different appearance in the Mierigi Street in Riga. The sidewalk looks like a roadway. It gives you a sense that you are in a wider sidewalk.

Check it out! 🙂

For More Information

A Theatre Play: NEREYE

A few weeks ago, I went to the theatre. The play was so sad, stunning and amazing ! It’s name is ‘ NEREYE ‘ which means ‘to where ? ‘ This story is about some refugees who escape from the war, hungriness and being marginalising. Actually, when we see some news about these people on the television, we just watch them and these events look common to us. However, behind the scenes, there are many different situations, pain, saddening stories.

To where? to the salvation??!

PS: Photos are from http://www.devtiyatro.gov.tr/programlar-sehirler-ankara-detay-nereye2.html